New report: Born into care in Scotland – circumstances, recurrence and pathways
13th April 2022
A new report – Born into care in Scotland – has been published today by the Scottish Government. The research study, led by Dr Linda Cusworth, found that only one in five infants taken into care in Scotland who had older brothers or sisters were initially placed with them. The Promise, the report of the Independent Care Review set up by Nicola Sturgeon, Scotland’s First Minister, and published in 2020, states that where living with their families is not possible, children need to be placed with their brothers and sisters. Although on the whole families were known to services before their birth, and thus their arrival was expected, most infants were not placed with their older brothers and sisters. Two years later, only a third of children were living with a brother or sister.
The research team, from the Universities of Lancaster and Stirling, and the Scottish Children’s Reporter Administration (SCRA) analysed data for all 2,849 infants who entered the care system via the Children’s Hearing before they were a year old between 1st April 2013 and 31st March 2020, and looked in depth at the circumstances of 70 of those children and their families.
The study also explored the circumstances of families where infants were removed, uncovering complex needs relating to poverty and housing problems, mental health, substance misuse, domestic abuse and offending histories. Researchers also found that many of the parents were recorded as having difficult and disrupted childhoods themselves, with significant proportions having experienced abuse or neglect. Over a third (37%) of mothers and a quarter (24%) of fathers were care experienced.
Around a third of parents did not have any older children. But the study found that this was not the first child who had become looked after away from home for many of the parents. Nine out of ten of the mothers known to have older children had at least one child previously removed, with one in five having had three or more children taken into care. Although less information was recorded for fathers, over half (56%) of those with older children were known to have had a previous child removed from their care.
The use of population-level data by this study also enabled important comparisons with previous research by the Lancaster team on compulsory care proceedings in England and Wales. In Scotland, 20% of all children who entered care via the Children’s Hearings System were infants under a year old. This is a lower proportion than other parts of the UK. In Wales, 30% of all children entering care proceedings between 2011 and 2018 were under a year old, while in England, this was 27% (between 2007/08 and 2016/17). Between 2013/14 and 2019/20, the proportion of infants in Scotland who became looked after away from home as newborns (less than seven days old) was fairly stable at around a third. By comparison, in England and Wales the proportion of infants who entered care proceedings as newborns was higher, and showed an upward trend across the period – from 43% to 51% in England, and from 40% to 51% in Wales.
The full report is available here.
For further details, contact Dr Linda Cusworth (email@example.com)